INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP AGAINST IMPUNITY FOR THE USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS

The International Partnership against Impunity for the Use of Chemical Weapons is an association of around 30 countries and international organizations

PRESENTATION

The partnership against the impunity for the use of chemical weapons was launched in Paris on 23 January 2018. Bringing together around 30 countries and international organizations, its purpose is to supplement the international mechanisms to combat the proliferation of chemical weapons. This intergovernmental initiative deals exclusively with the issue of impunity for the perpetrators of chemical attacks worldwide, and is a forum for cooperation in which the participating States have made the following commitments:

The participating States meet regularly at experts’ meetings to exchange relevant information for implementing their commitments. The Partnership will be chaired by France in 2018.

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Fighting Impunity: International Partnership against Impunity for the Use of Chemical Weapons

Declaration of Principles

We, the Foreign Ministers of Australia, Belgium, Canada, Côte d’Ivoire, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Morocco, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Republic of Korea, Senegal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Ukraine and the High Representative of the European Union, gathered in Paris on 23rd January 2018, reaffirm our condemnation in the strongest possible terms of the use of chemical weapons by anyone under any circumstance, emphasizing that all uses of chemical weapons anywhere, at any time, by anyone, under any circumstances are unacceptable, and contravenes international standards and norms against such use.

We therefore reiterate our strong support for the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, and call upon all States to ratify or accede to and fully implement the Convention without delay. We pledge our unequivocal support to the work of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2013 for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons. We also reaffirm the importance of full respect for the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare; with the Geneva Conventions ; with UN Security Resolutions (UNSCRs) 2314 (2016), 2235 and 2209 (2015), 2118 (2013), and 1540 (2004); with UNGA resolution A/72/43 (2017); as well as with Human Rights Council (HRC) Resolution S-17/1 (2011).

In this context, we solemnly deplore the fact that such a general and universal prohibition of the use of chemical weapons has been seriously undermined in recent years, as documented extensively through the exemplary reports of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission (FFM) and the OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism (JIM); the findings of the OPCW Declaration Assessment Team (DAT); as well as the testimonies gathered by the HRC Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic. We condemn in the strongest possible terms the use of chemical weapons by the Syrian Arab Republic, as reported by the JIM, which violates the Convention, UN Security Council Resolution 2118 (2013), and relevant decisions of the OPCW Executive Council, as well as the use of chemical weapons by the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria and Levant (ISIL) in contravention of well-established international standards and norms against such use.

In light of these concerns, we strongly believe that the international community as a whole shares a common responsibility to enforce the prohibition of chemical weapons use and protect the non-proliferation regime as well as the international peace and security architecture. Yet, the continuing use of chemical weapons poses a worrying threat to the international peace and security architecture. We call upon the international community not to tolerate any use of chemical weapons, and to redouble our efforts to prevent, and hold accountable, those who are responsible for such abhorrent acts. A collective and effective response from the international community is needed to counter those who are involved in chemical weapons proliferation or use.

A robust response using international and domestic measures must hold to account those responsible for using chemical weapons, seek justice for the victims, and prevent such abhorrent attacks from happening again by ensuring that no group, no individual, no entity, and no government at any time or anywhere, may be immune from accountability in these cases.

We, the Foreign Ministers in support of this political Declaration of Principles, solemnly reaffirm today our common determination to support all relevant mechanisms including the International Impartial Independent Mechanism investigating Serious Crimes in Syria.

We therefore hereby announce the establishment of an International Partnership against Impunity for the Use of Chemical Weapons and consistent with international law and our respective national laws, regulations and policies commit to the following :
- Collect, compile, retain, and preserve relevant information to support efforts to hold accountable those responsible for the proliferation or use of chemical weapons;
- Facilitate the sharing of such information, with participating States, and international, or regional organisation as appropriate, so that those responsible may be brought to justice;
- Use relevant mechanisms to designate individuals, entities, groups and governments involved in the proliferation or use of chemical weapons for sanctions, as appropriate;
- Publicize the names of individuals, entities, groups or governments placed under sanctions for their involvement in the proliferation or use of chemical weapons through a dedicated website;
- Strengthen the capacity of Participating States, through national and supranational measures, to hold accountable those involved in the use of chemical weapons, including by enhancing the legal and operational capabilities of States to identify and sanction or prosecute individuals and entities involved in the proliferation or use of chemical weapons;
- Support, where appropriate, common positions in existing fora regarding the use of chemical weapons, for example the OPCW Executive Council and the UN Security Council and General Assembly.

We invite all States that share our grave concerns to support and join this initiative in order to protect and reinforce the international standards and norms against the use of chemical weapons, to promote, encourage and assist their enforcement, give all necessary support to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and the United Nations to fully carry out their mandates in this respect, and to deter any future use of such weapons.

SANCTIONS LIST

Individuals and entities identified as being involved in cases of use of chemical weapons and toxic substances, or having contributed to the development of chemical programmes, have been subject to sanctions measures from States and groups of States. These sanctions have been adopted following procedures and investigations specific to each of these States and groups of States.

The European list and national sanctions lists are available on the following websites :
European Union
France
United-States of America
United- Kingdom
Canada
Australia

The list below compiles and collates certain chemical weapons-related information and the European and national lists of individuals and entities identified since 2012.
This list is updated every six months. Last update: 21 January 2018

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  • Listes de sanctions
  • Canada
  • European Union
  • USA

A

ABBAS, Ghassan
From lists: European Union, Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2015/375 of 6 March 2015 ; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
ABBAS, Rim
From list: USA
25/03/1973 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABBUD, Hikmat
From list: USA
01/01/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABD-AL-JALIL, Yahya
From list: USA
26/09/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABD-AL-QADIR, Abd-al-Aziz
From list: USA
01/03/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABD-AL-SAMAD, Muhammad Haytham
From list: USA
05/09/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABD-AL-WAHHAB, Ahmad
From list: USA
01/01/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABDALLAH, Muhammad
From list: USA
05/04/1972 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABDALLAH, Sayyar
From list: USA
15/05/1973 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABDU, Abdallah
From list: USA
05/12/1957 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABDU, Hikmat
From list: USA
12/03/1961 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ABDULKARIM, Wael (Alias Wael AL KARIM)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2015/375 of 6 March 2015 , modified by EU regulation 2015/780 of 19 May 2015
ABOUD HILWEH, Adnan (alias Adnan ABOUD HELWEH, Adnan ABOUD)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2016/1893 of 27 October 2016
ABUD, Ahmad
From list: USA
28/05/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AHMAD, Ayman
From list: USA
01/02/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AHMAD, Hasan
From list: USA
13/05/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL BITAR, Bayan (alias Bayan Bitar)
From list: European Union
08/03/1947 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2015/375 of 6 March 2015 , modified by EU regulation 2016/1735 of 29 September 2016
AL-'ABD, Ahmad
From list: USA
28/01/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-'ALI, Salih
From list: USA
05/07/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-'ALI, Zakariya
From list: USA
05/05/1970 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-'ASALI, Zakariya
From list: USA
03/06/1961 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-'AYSH, Khalid al-Hajj Muhammad
From list: USA
05/06/1980 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-'AZBAH, Hana
From list: USA
15/02/1972 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-'UBAYSI, Mus'id
From list: USA
01/07/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-AHMAD, Riyad
From list: USA
15/03/1977 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-AKHRAS, Safwan
From list: USA
27/01/1950 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-AQQAD, Hashim Anwar (alias : Hashem Aqqad ; Hashem Akkad ; Hashim Akkad )
From list: European Union
14/05/1905 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2014/793 of 22 July 2014
AL-AQRA', Jamal 'Ali
From list: USA
17/04/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-ATASI, Yumna Marwan al-Sayyid Sulayman
From list: USA
07/01/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-BAKKUR, 'Abd-al-'Azim
From list: USA
14/11/1958 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-BAKUR, Khalid
From list: USA
25/01/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-BAYKU, Husayn-Ahmad
From list: USA
10/05/1980 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-BURSHAH, Muhammad Akram
From list: USA
30/08/1956 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-DAGHISTANI, Muzayyin
From list: USA
03/04/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-DALATI, Ayman
From list: USA
20/08/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-DARWISH, Tamam
From list: USA
23/07/1969 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-DAWUD, Nariman
From list: USA
16/02/1973 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-DIN, Isam Zahr (alias Isan Zuhair AL-DIN, Issam Zahruddin, Isam Zohruddin, Issam Zahreddine, Essam Zahruddin)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
AL-FAKHURI, Husam 'Adbd-al-Barr
From list: USA
10/02/1973 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-FAQIR, Muhammad Samir
From list: USA
21/01/1952 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-FAWAKHIRI, Ghusn al-Zuhur
From list: USA
01/01/1986 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-FIRAS, Muhsin
From list: USA
20/01/1979 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HAKIM, Muhammad Sa'id
From list: USA
01/04/1961 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HALABI, Basil
From list: USA
01/02/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HARIRI, Musa
From list: USA
19/06/1970 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HARZRURI, Mahmubd
From list: USA
19/11/1957 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HASAN Suhayl Hasan
From list: Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
AL-HASAN, Abdallah
From list: USA
15/06/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HATUM, Yusuf
From list: USA
05/01/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HURANI, Haytham Ahmad
From list: USA
05/01/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HUSAYN, Mashhur
From list: USA
01/01/1961 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-HUSAYN, Suhayr
From list: USA
17/02/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-IBRAHIM, Muhammad
From list: USA
08/03/1969 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-ID, Nawras
From list: USA
13/08/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-ISMA'IL, Ammar Fu'ad
From list: USA
25/09/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-ISMA'IL, Zakariya 'Ali
From list: USA
14/08/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-JABI, Salma
From list: USA
02/04/1962 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-JANAN, Sulsubayla
From list: USA
04/01/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-JIBAWI, Ridwan 'Ali
From list: USA
25/03/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-JUBBAH, Adnan
From list: USA
11/04/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-KHATIB, Ridwan
From list: USA
03/09/1975 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-KHUDAYR, Muhammad 'Arif al-Hasan
From list: USA
05/09/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-KHUWAYLID, Ibrahim
From list: USA
25/04/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-LAYIQ, Baha'
From list: USA
31/08/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-MAHMUD, Khalid
From list: USA
20/09/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-MASRI, Ahd
From list: USA
01/05/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-MASRI, Rahf
From list: USA
05/10/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-MATAR, 'Abdu Tahir
From list: USA
17/10/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-MUDALLAL, Muhammad Zuhayr
From list: USA
24/05/1953 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-MUHAMMAD, Muhammad
From list: USA
02/02/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-MUKAHHAL, Aminah
From list: USA
01/01/1988 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-MUSA, Jayyiz Rayyan (alias AL-MOUSA, Jaez Sawada al-Hammoud ; AL-MOUSA, Jayez al-Hammoud)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
AL-NA'IMI, Muhammad Iyad
From list: USA
29/10/1955 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-NAJJAR, Qasim
From list: USA
01/02/1958 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-QUTMAH, Akram
From list: USA
04/12/1961 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-RAHHAL, Muhammad
From list: USA
01/03/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-RAHYAH, Fadi
From list: USA
27/12/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-RASLAN, Abd-al-Salam
From list: USA
17/11/1968 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-RAYS, Hassan
From list: USA
03/11/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SA'ID, Nidal
From list: USA
18/04/1976 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SA'ID, Wasim
From list: USA
02/01/1980 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SASI, Jumanah
From list: USA
05/10/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SHA'IR, Samir
From list: USA
12/09/1978 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SHAWWA, Ghayth
From list: USA
13/04/1956 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SHAYKH, Diyab
From list: USA
11/12/1953 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SHAYKH, Muhammad
From list: USA
08/03/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SHURAYQI, Isma'il
From list: USA
14/07/1956 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-SILMU, Ahmad al-Hasan
From list: USA
28/06/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-TABBAL, Saba
From list: USA
08/04/1972 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-TAQI, Rim Nadir
From list: USA
15/09/1975 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-TAWWAKHI, Iman
From list: USA
04/03/1956 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-WADI, Anas
From list: USA
21/05/1987 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AL-YUSUF, Samir al-Ahmad
From list: USA
02/05/1975 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ANIS, Samih
From list: USA
19/07/1957 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ARMANAZI, Amr (alias : Amr Muhammad Najib AL- ARMANAZI; Amr Najib ARMANAZI; Amrou Al-ARMANAZY)
From list: European Union
07/02/1944 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2014/793 of 22 July 2014, modifié by EU regulation 2015/780 of 19 May 2015
AS'AD, Murad
From list: USA
28/01/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ASI, Fayez (alias Fayez AL-ASI)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
ASMAR, Haytham
From list: USA
02/11/1969 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ASWAD, Ahmad
From list: USA
21/08/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ASWAD, Ali
From list: USA
10/11/1958 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
AYYUBI, Rashid
From list: USA
25/07/1954 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

B

BABA, Samiya
From list: USA
25/02/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BALLUL, Ahmad (alias : BALLUL, Ahmad Muhammad ; BALOL, Ahmed)
From lists: European Union, Canada
10/10/1954 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/480 of 20 March 2017; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
BASAL, Abd-al-Rahman
From list: USA
03/03/1958 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BASHA, Ahmad Nadir Ibrahim
From list: USA
15/04/1986 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BASHA, Imad Isma'il
From list: USA
12/05/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BAWADUQJI, Nur-al-Din
From list: USA
07/01/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BILAL Muhammad Nafi
From lists: Canada, European Union, USA
25/05/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69, Designated by EU regulation 2013/255, Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BITAR Bayan
From list: Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
BITAR, Ahd
From list: USA
23/01/1961 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BIZRAH, Muhammad
From list: USA
12/03/1968 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BU'AYTI, Faysal
From list: USA
01/01/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BUNDUQJI, Rana
From list: USA
09/01/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
BUZ-AL-JUDDI, Fayiz
From list: USA
22/02/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
Business Lab
From list: European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2013/255

C

Centre d’études et de recherches syrien (CERS) (alias: Centre d’étude et de recherche scientifiqEU (CERS) ; Scientific Studies and Research Center (SSRC) ; Centre de Recherche de Kaboun)
From list: European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2011/1244 of 1 December 2011, modified by EU regulations 2015/780 of 19 May 2015 and 2017/1751 of 25 September 2017

D

DA'UD, Lu'ay
From list: USA
13/10/1962 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DABBAGH, Muhammad Nazmi 'Ulwani
From list: USA
01/01/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DABUL, Samir (alias DAABOUL, Samis)
From lists: European Union, Canada
04/09/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
DAHI, Yasin Ahmad (alias DAHI Yasin, DHAHI Yasin)
From lists: European Union, Canada
1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327, Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
DAHIR, Ahmad
From list: USA
20/06/1972 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DARWISH, Ali
From list: USA
02/03/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DARWISH, Saji (alias : DARWISH, Saji Jamil ; DARWISH, Sajee ; DARWIS, Sjaa)
From lists: European Union, Canada, USA
11/01/1957 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/480 of 20 March 2017, modified by EU regulations 2017/907 of 29 May 2017 and 2017/1751 of 25 September 2017; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69, Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DAWARAH, Ahmad
From list: USA
21/02/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DAYRI, Ammar
From list: USA
06/03/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DAYYUB, Rajab
From list: USA
01/01/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DAYYUB, Tha'ir
From list: USA
01/12/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DIB, Mashhur
From list: USA
20/05/1970 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DUMIT, Salim
From list: USA
11/07/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
DUWAYR, Ruba
From list: USA
19/04/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

E

EL-ATOU, Fawwaz (alias Fawaz AL ATTO)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
Expert Partners
From list: European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2013/255

F

FADUL, Farhub
From list: USA
15/07/1951 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
FARAJ, Hala
From list: USA
22/03/1987 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
FARMAND, Sa'id
From list: USA
10/10/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
FIRAS Ahmad
From list: Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
FU'ANI, Lu'ay
From list: USA
02/04/1972 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

G

GHANIM, Ma'n
From list: USA
03/05/1970 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
GHRITAWI, Mohammad Ziad (alias Mohammad Ziad GHRAYWATI)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327

H

HAFIZ, Abdallah
From list: USA
27/06/1962 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HAITANI, Muhammad
From list: USA
03/09/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HAJJI, Muhammad Fawzi
From list: USA
25/07/1962 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HALLAQ, As'ad 'Adnan
From list: USA
08/01/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HAMANDUSH, Muhammad
From list: USA
09/01/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HAMAWI, Ahmad
From list: USA
15/07/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HAMDAN, Ahmad
From list: USA
15/03/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HAMID KHALIL, Tahir (alias Tahir Hamid Khali, Khalil Tahir Hamid)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2016/1893 of 27 October 2016
HAMSHU, Hudu' Nayif
From list: USA
08/01/1957 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HARIRI, Muhammad
From list: USA
27/08/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HASAN, Ammar
From list: USA
01/07/1975 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HASAN, As'ad
From list: USA
24/12/1958 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HASAN, Bilal
From list: USA
01/01/1978 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HASAN, Malik (alias Malek HASSAN)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
HASOURI, Muhammad Yousef (alias HASOURI, Mohammad Yousef ; HASOURI Mohammed Yousef)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
HAWRANI Habib
From list: Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
HAWWAT, Muhammad
From list: USA
10/03/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HAYDAR Zuhayr
From list: Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
HIJAZI, Umar
From list: USA
01/06/1962 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HILALI, Muhammad Jalal
From list: USA
10/11/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HIMSI, Muhammad Riyad
From list: USA
08/11/1957 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HUDBAH, Amin
From list: USA
09/11/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HUSAYN, 'Ali
From list: USA
20/03/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HUSAYN, Hanan
From list: USA
20/04/1975 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HUSAYN, Muhammad
From list: USA
25/02/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
HUSAYN, Wahid
From list: USA
01/04/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
Handasieh – Organization for Engineering Industries
From list: European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2013/255
Higher Institute for Applied Sciences and Technology (HISAT)
From lists: European Union, Canada
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2013/255; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69

I

IBRAHIM, 'Ali
From list: USA
25/03/1961 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
IBRAHIM, Ali
From list: USA
28/02/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
IBRAHIM, Fu'ad 'Abd-al-Qadir
From list: USA
24/11/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
IBRAHIM, Muhammed
From lists: European Union, Canada
05/08/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/480 of 20 March 2017; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
IDRIS, Ibrahim
From list: USA
05/04/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ISMA'IL, Ayham
From list: USA
20/01/1972 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
Industrial Solutions
From list: European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2013/255

J

JADDU', Ahd
From list: USA
22/04/1986 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JAHHAR, Hannan
From list: USA
02/01/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JALAL, Husam-al-Din
From list: USA
01/08/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JAWISH, Husayn Rida
From list: USA
07/04/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JAWISH, Samar Shakir
From list: USA
01/05/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JAZBAH, Ibrahim Sa'd Zayn-al-'Abidin
From list: USA
02/04/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JIJAH, Jalal-al-Din 'Adil
From list: USA
20/01/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JIRJIS, Hiyam
From list: USA
07/10/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JUKHDAR, 'Ala'-al-Din
From list: USA
03/03/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JUM'AH, Hamid
From list: USA
01/03/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JUMUL, Ali
From list: USA
07/02/1981 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
JUNDIYAH, Abdallah
From list: USA
01/11/1968 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

K

KALALAH, Husam-al-Din Walid
From list: USA
04/01/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KARIM, Malik 'Adil
From list: USA
16/05/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KATAN, Mohammad Safwan (alias Mohammad Safwan QATTAN)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
KHABIYYAH, Muna
From list: USA
01/04/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KHADDUR, Hasan
From list: USA
26/08/1981 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KHALALU, Ahmad
From list: USA
01/01/1978 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KHALUDI, Mohammad Darar (alias Mohammad Darar KHLOUDI)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
KHALUF, Faysal
From list: USA
21/05/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KHASHAFI, Muhammad al-Khalid
From list: USA
21/05/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KHAYMI, Abir 'Abd-al-Karim
From list: USA
01/12/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KHIDR, Isa
From list: USA
27/01/1969 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KITU', 'Abd-al-Latif
From list: USA
28/01/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
KIWAN, Rula
From list: USA
10/05/1974 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

L

LABABIDI, Sa'dallah 'Atif
From list: USA
22/09/1961 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
LAYLA, Susan
From list: USA
12/07/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
LULAH, Ziyad Ramadan
From list: USA
01/01/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

M

MA'RUF, Abd-al-Salam
From list: USA
04/04/1968 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MA'TUQ, Yusuf
From list: USA
30/05/1981 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MAHALLA Muhammad Mahmud
From list: Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
MAHFUD, Farhan
From list: USA
11/09/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MAJRUD, Amin
From list: USA
03/07/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MALA'IKAH, Usamah Ramadan
From list: USA
27/08/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MANSUR, Khalil
From list: USA
11/03/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MAWAS, Milad
From list: USA
25/12/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MIRDASH, Misbah
From list: USA
02/01/1970 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MIRKAN, Anas 'Adil
From list: USA
01/07/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MU'ALLA, Badi'
From lists: European Union, Canada
14/05/1905 - Bistuwir, région de Jablah, Syrie - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/480 of 20 March 2017; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
MUHAMMAD, 'Ali Hajj
From list: USA
05/03/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUHAMMAD, Faysal
From list: USA
20/02/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUHANNA, Siwumar
From list: USA
03/12/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUHAYIRI, Muhammad Nasir
From list: USA
29/11/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUKHAYBIR, Salma
From list: USA
21/07/1973 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUSA, Firas
From list: USA
13/07/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUSATTIT, Sabir Khayr
From list: USA
20/02/1977 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUSHRIF, Amir
From list: USA
10/06/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUSTAFA, Ayham Hajj
From list: USA
16/08/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUSTAFA, Fayiz
From list: USA
01/01/1952 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUSTAFA, Ibrahim
From list: USA
06/01/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
MUTAWIJ, Nawar
From list: USA
23/09/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
Mahrous Group
From list: Canada
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
Mechanical Contruction Factory (MCF)
From list: European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2013/255
Megatrade
From list: European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2013/255

N

NA'SANI, Jawdat
From list: USA
08/06/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
NAJIB, Ahmad
From list: USA
04/10/1968 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
NAJJAR, Muhammad Amin
From list: USA
08/11/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
NAJJAR, Wafa'
From list: USA
01/05/1953 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
NASIF, Saba
From list: USA
12/09/1986 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
NASR, Isa
From list: USA
20/04/1980 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
NASR, Muhammad Sayyah
From list: USA
23/08/1955 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
NI'MA, Rashid Rashid
From list: USA
01/12/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
NUR-AL-DIN, Imad
From list: USA
29/07/1955 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
National Standards & Calibration Laboratory (NCSL)
From lists: Canada, European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69 ; Designated by EU regulation 2013/255

O

Organisation for Technological Industries (alias: Technical Industries Corporation (TIC))
From lists: European Union, Canada
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2015/375 of 6 March 2015 ; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69

Q

QANBAR, Khalid Zaki
From list: USA
20/04/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
QATISH, Firiyal
From list: USA
26/01/1959 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
QATTAN, Maysa'
From list: USA
25/02/1962 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
QUDAYMATI, Muhammad Ridwan
From list: USA
12/01/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
QURJU, Jihad-al-Din
From list: USA
22/08/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
QURJU, Muhammad Mu'ammar
From list: USA
02/08/1971 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

R

RABAH, Zuhayr
From list: USA
07/01/1956 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
RABI', Mustafa Dib
From list: USA
10/11/1963 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
RAHHAL, Mahmud
From list: USA
25/06/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
RAHMUN Muhammad Khalid
From list: Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
RASHID, Badr
From list: USA
01/01/1987 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
RIZQ, Raymons (alias Raymond RIZK)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327

S

SA'ADAH, Ruwaydah
From list: USA
10/02/1952 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SA'ADAT, Bashar
From list: USA
16/07/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SA'DU, Muhammad
From list: USA
20/04/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SA'ID, Majd
From list: USA
25/11/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SA'ID, Sa'id
From list: USA
11/12/1955 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SA'UD, Yunus
From list: USA
01/04/1968 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SABBAGH, Muhammad Nasir
From list: USA
26/11/1954 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SABUNI, Ahmad
From list: USA
23/12/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SAFTALI, Ghassan
From list: USA
20/02/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SALBI MAWAS, Jawdat (alias Jawdat SALIBI MAWWAS, Jawdat SALIBI MAWWAZ)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2016/1893 of 27 October 2016
SALIM, Ahmad
From list: USA
29/08/1957 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SALIM, Firas Hajj
From list: USA
10/05/1977 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SALIM, Iyad
From list: USA
12/12/1970 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SALIM, Muhammad Ayman Nasir-al-Din
From list: USA
23/06/1968 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SALLUM, Muhammad
From list: USA
31/10/1973 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SALMAN, Muhammad
From list: USA
03/03/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SALMAN, Shadi
From list: USA
26/10/1982 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SALMAN, Wasim
From list: USA
05/05/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SAQR, Rana
From list: USA
01/10/1979 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SAQR, Sinan
From list: USA
15/04/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SAWAN, Khaled
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
SAWAN, Mayzar 'Abdu (alias Meezar SAWAN)
From list: European Union
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
SHA'BAN, Basil
From list: USA
25/01/1981 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SHAHT, Jamal Zaydan
From list: USA
06/02/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SHARBA, Muzhir
From list: USA
23/02/1970 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SHI'AR, Muhammad 'Azzam
From list: USA
02/09/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SHIHADAH Rafiq
From list: Canada
Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
SHUAYHANAH, Hadil
From list: USA
20/05/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SHUNATI, Haytham
From list: USA
04/06/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SHURAYQI, 'Abd-al-Salam
From list: USA
14/04/1966 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SHURUF, 'Abd-al-Hakim
From list: USA
25/04/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SINDID, Sa'id
From list: USA
27/11/1952 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SIRHAN, Hala (alias Halah SURHAN
From lists: USA, European Union
05/01/1953 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control ; Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327
SUKHAYTAH, Muhammad Khayr
From list: USA
18/05/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SULAYMAN, Akram
From list: USA
14/04/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SULAYMAN, Dayma
From list: USA
29/09/1983 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
SULAYMAN, Taysir
From list: USA
22/08/1968 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
Sigma Tech
From list:
20/04/2017 - Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
Syrinocs - Syrian Arab Co. For Electronic Industries
From list: European Union
Legal person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2013/255

T

TABAQ, Qasim
From list: USA
01/05/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
TAHA, Husam a-Sahykh
From list: USA
14/01/1981 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
TAHA, Jamilah
From list: USA
09/10/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
TALLUJ, Muhammad Ghassan
From list: USA
15/01/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
TURAYSI, Muhammad Wa'il
From list: USA
14/02/1973 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

W

WAFA'I, Diya'
From list: USA
07/01/1984 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
WANUS, Ali (alias WANNOUS, Ali)
From lists: European Union, Canada
05/02/1964 - Natural person
Under sanction - Designated by EU regulation 2017/1327; Designated by the Special Economic Measures (Syria) Regulations SOR/2017-69
WARDAH, Bassam
From list: USA
20/01/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

Y

YUSUF, Muhammad Hisham Fu'ad
From list: USA
29/01/1965 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
YUSUF, Muhsin
From list: USA
17/05/1967 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

Z

ZA'RURAH, Fadiyah
From list: USA
26/01/1958 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ZAMR, 'Abd-al-Nasir Ibbi
From list: USA
01/07/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ZANBU'AH, Mahmud
From list: USA
30/07/1974 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ZARIFAH, Ahmad
From list: USA
09/11/1960 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ZAYD, Hasan Muhammad
From list: USA
15/02/1985 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ZAYDAN, Mustafa
From list: USA
09/01/1986 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control
ZIHAR, Muhammad Nadim Subhi
From list: USA
29/03/1955 - Natural person
Under sanction - Specially Designated Nationals list, Office of Foreign Assets Control

PARTICIPANTS

The partnership against impunity for the use of chemical weapons was launched in the presence of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and the United Nations (UN).

Australia
Belgium
Canada
Côte d’Ivoire
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Union
Finland
France
Germany
Ghana
Italia
Japan
Kuwait
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Morocco
Netherlands
Norway
Peru
Poland
Senegal
South Korea
Spain
Slovenia
Sweden
Switzerland
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
United States of America

International framework

The international community has long sought to prevent the military use of toxic chemical products. Initiated with the 1925 Geneva Protocol, the international framework was fully completed in 1993 via the adoption of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), the aim of which is to eliminate all declared chemical weapons and ensure their non-proliferation.

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CWC (Chemical Weapons Convention)

The Chemical Weapons Convention was signed in Paris in 1993 and entered into force in 1997. It provides the preferred framework for France’s action on disarmament and on combating chemical weapons proliferation. As a unified text in the area of multilateral disarmament, it simultaneously provides for:

  • The comprehensive ban on chemical weapons (ban on development, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer and use);
  • The destruction of all chemical weapons declared by States Parties;
  • A binding verification regime, among the most effective in existence.

Strongly committed to multilateralism, the CWC has 192 States Parties and is nearing its goal of universality. As of 1 January 2008, only four States had yet to ratify it: North Korea, Egypt, Israel (signed but not ratified) and South Sudan.

Since it entered into force, almost 95% of the world’s declared chemical weapons stockpiles have been destroyed. Setting out strict verification procedures, the Convention was negotiated with the active participation of the chemical industry and aims to enable cooperation for the peaceful use of chemistry. The CWC is considered to be one of the most effective multilateral disarmament treaties.

For further information: https://www.opcw.org/fileadmin/OPCW/Fact_Sheets/French/Fact_Sheet_1_-_History.pdf

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

Based in The Hague, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is responsible for implementing the Convention, including by verifying the processes to destroy national stockpiles and inspecting industrial chemical facilities. States’ annual declarations on their stockpiles and the activities of their chemical industries are subject to on-site verifications, which States cannot refuse. It promotes international cooperation, including for the peaceful use of chemistry, and provides assistance and protection to States threatened with chemical attacks.

For further information: https://www.opcw.org/about-opcw/

What are chemical weapons?

Chemical weapons are weapons of mass destruction which deliberately use the toxic properties of chemical substances to cause death, injury, or temporary incapacitation. They have been prohibited under international law since 1993.

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How are chemical weapons defined under international law?

The official definition of a chemical weapon is complex, but important. Under Article II of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), it covers both toxic chemicals and their precursors (i.e. any reactant which takes part in the production of a toxic chemical), but also devices used to deliver them to their target (e.g. munitions, aerosols), as well as any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the above.

This broad definition is intended to prevent the spirit of the Convention being contravened by separating chemical weapons into their various components. So the CWC defines each component of a chemical weapon as being a chemical weapon in itself, whether they are assembled or not, and whether stored together or separately.

Many chemical substances referred to in the Convention are also used for industrial or agricultural activities. Such substances are not considered to be chemical weapons unless they are produced or stockpiled in quantities which are excessive for the required activity. The activity of the companies which produce them is monitored during OPCW inspections.

What are the different types of chemical weapons and their effects?

Toxic chemicals used to make chemical weapons are generally classified based on their effects. They include:

  • Incapacitating and disabling agents (e.g. tear gas or CS gas) which only have temporary physiological effects such as vision or breathing problems. They may be used to maintain public order but it is forbidden to use them as a means of warfare.
  • Blister agents (e.g. mustard gas or yperite), which cause serious burns and blisters upon contact with the eyes, respiratory tract and skin. They generally lead to blindness and permanent respiratory tract damage and can even be fatal in a small percentage of cases.
  • Choking agents (e.g. chlorine), which mainly attack the respiratory tract, triggering a constant flow of fluid which spreads through the lungs. Such agents were the first to be produced on a large scale and were widely used during World War I.
  • Blood agents (e.g. hydrogen cyanide) which cut off the oxygen supply between red cells and cell tissue, leading to asphyxiation. They are fast-acting and generally fatal.
  • Nerve agents (e.g. sarin, VX), produced following research on enhanced chemical agents between the two World Wars. Being generally colourless, odourless and tasteless, they are easily absorbed by the respiratory system, eyes, skin and digestive tract. They are highly toxic, affecting the transmission of nerve impulses in the nervous system, and are generally fatal, even after only very brief exposure.